6 Strategies To Teach Students With Learning Disabilities

7 million students throughout the United States suffer from learning disabilities. Only 62.7%
of them land up in graduate school. What happens to the rest of them? Unable to deal with
the insurmountable pressure of academics, they prefer to drop out of schools. It is sad to see
children suffer when a few special teaching strategies could minimise learning disabilities
easily.

The initial stages are anything but easy. You may not even understand that a kid has a
learning disability. Visit this link to know what learning disability is and what its symptoms
are. Being a teacher at a school for kids with learning disabilities, I came across students who
couldn’t do without assignment help. Today I am going to share with you the teaching
strategies that made academic life easier for the students with special needs:

  • Allow extra time during tests

 

Most of the students suffer from slow and inaccurate word recognition in lower primary
school. They take more time to identify a word, let alone a chapter. It will be foolish to rush
them to complete the test just because other students did.
I would suggest that you allow him/her extra time during the test. This will give the student
the hope of completing the test. Check out these 9 tips to help the slow learners perform well
during exams.

  • Provide detailed feedback

It is almost impossible to provide detailed feedback to every student. However, you can do so
for students with learning disabilities. Assess their papers and provide them with the best tips
to work on their flaws. Perhaps you can ask them to work on one concept at a time.

Your feedback might differ based on the type of learning disability faced by the student. For
example, if I found a student is struggling with dyslexia, I would ask him/her to read the
sentence aloud after writing it down.

  • Use simple language

You can’t just say ‘I need quality work’ while assigning the special students with some task.
They might not understand the ‘quality’ you are looking for. Let me tell you what I do to
make myself clear to the students. I mention the specific requirements and instructions for the
task. I give them a direction to go on with the task without any confusion.
Your students must understand what you are expecting from them. When I shared the
marking rubric with my students, I found that it helped them to improve considerably. Try to
state the specific instructions for these students on the official website of your institution.

  • Ask them to repeat your instructions

Students with learning disabilities usually take more time to process instructions. You may
have asked them to do one thing and they might end up delivering just the opposite of what
you asked them to do. I faced the same problem when I asked my students to work on
assignments. This was when I started asking the students to repeat my instructions.
This ensured that he/she understood what I meant. When they repeat the instructions, you can
correct any type of miscommunication before the kids begin with the work. I would
recommend you to check back on the student and see if he/she is doing the right thing.

  • Use graphic organisers while teaching

Students with learning disabilities face a tough time figuring out the relationship between
common ideas. Let us assume a situation in which you have asked them to write an essay.
You have explained what the topic is about and what you are expecting from the paper. Do
not be surprised if you find haphazard ideas in the essays they submit.
I used graphic organisers to help them link one idea to the other while working on any topic.
The type of graphic organisers depends on the lesson that you are trying to convey. For
instance, if I wanted them to compare two subjects, I will use a Venn diagram to highlight the
similarities between the two subjects. Choose the graphic organiser that is best suited to meet
the requirements of the lesson.

  • Identify how the student learns

Every student has a unique style of learning. Some may learn by seeing and reading, while
others might prefer listening. You can help a child with a learning disability by identifying
his/her primary learning style. Once you know how the student prefers to learn, you can use
the technique in the classroom. I made a list to classify the type of learners.

  • Visual Learner

If the student is a visual learner, he/she will show the following behaviour:

  1. Learns by seeing or reading
  2. Does well when reading material is presented visually
  3. Performs remarkably by using written notes, diagrams, directions or maps

If your student is a visual learner, use books, computers or videos to make him/her learn
something new. I often used detailed, colour-coded and highlighted notes for the important
sections of a chapter. Implement the right tip to help the visual learners progress in your
class.

  • Auditory Learner

Auditory learners show the following symptoms:

  1. Learns best by listening
  2. Does well in classes based solely on lectures
  3. Benefits from classroom discussion

I read my notes aloud in the class to help the auditory learners and it worked. You can also
ask them to use word associations and verbal repetition to memorise. Check out the most
effective tips to help the auditory learners of your class.

  • Kinesthetic Learner

A kinaesthetic learner shows the following symptoms:

  1. Learns best by moving and executing the lessons
  2. Does well when they can touch, explore and move
  3. Benefits from lab classes and field trips

You can let them do experiments and take them to field trips. I included activity-based study
tools to help them. You can find a list of online tips to help kinesthetic learners. Implement
the strategies and you will find it easier to deal with the students with learning disabilities.

All children need love, support and encouragement. Kids with learning disabilities need
positive reinforcement to emerge with a strong sense of self-worth.

I implemented the tips mentioned above and found an increase in the confidence and determination of the students.
Interact with the students on a regular basis to help them grow stronger. Good luck!

Author Bio: Gracie Anderson works as a teacher for students with special needs. She
provides CPM Homework help to various students via MyAssignmenthelp. In her spare time,
Lisa takes to gardening and cooking.

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