What Are the Different Types of Psychology and Their Role

In this article, you will learn different types of psychology and their role is the general field of psychology.

Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. Through careful observation and consideration, psychologists study the connection between our mind and its surroundings. Recognized independently from philosophy, the field of psychology has established itself as a broader discipline for study.

Psychologists work in different settings that range from researching behaviors to helping athletes perform at their peak. The variety alone is the likely reason psychology has become one of the leading fields in many subsections.

At this point in modern psychology, the different views on human behavior have split themselves into many perspectives. Knowing all these perspectives is the key to understanding various theories and disorders.

Our life has millions of issues, and to evacuate us from these problems, we have practising psychologists among us. Below we have some of the significant types of psychologies and their roles.



Types of Psychology

Clinical Psychology


Clinical psychology is the type of psychology in which practitioners integrate science, theory, and practice. The integration helps in understanding and relieving the problems of disability or discomfort. It promotes the factors of adaption, adjustment, and development on a personal level.

Clinical psychology’s role focuses on the biological, emotional, intellectual, social, and behavioral aspects of human life. It studies the human performance happening in a person’s life across various cultures and socioeconomic levels.

Clinical psychology helps us understanding and alleviating psychological distresses or dysfunctions. It also helps in promoting the well-being of a person and support their personal development. Clinical psychology focuses on areas like psychotherapy and assessments. They sometimes involve themselves in research, training, forensic testimonies, and other regions.


Forensic Psychology


Forensic psychology focuses on the relation between the law and psychology. Practitioners of this type act as consultants in criminal cases of civil disputes, child custody evaluations, and psychotherapy services. In short, they involve themselves in areas where legal issues arise.

Interest in forensic psychology degrees online has increased because of its demand. Real psychologists perform roles of assessing juvenile and adult offenders, supporting child witnesses, professional testimonies, etc. While some work in the legal system, others perform a threat assessment that predicts whether a person might become a threat later.


Cognitive Psychology


The perspective of cognitive psychology centers on a person’s behavior due to surrounding events and occurrences. To understand the individual’s actions and behavior, one has to know how and why they process the world around them.

The theory of cognitive psychology also has an enormous influence on the human mind’s memory and perception. A cognitive psychologist assesses a person’s interpretation in their social setting for an individual with certain behaviors. Cognitive psychologists play a vital role in determining a person’s social interaction and its effect on their personality.


Counseling Psychology


Counseling psychology works on an individual, group, couple, or family. It helps them sort their issues—practitioners of this type help intervene in social challenges and developmental problems to optimize psychological well-being.

Counseling psychologists work in various settings that include government and private practices (schools, hospitals, etc.). Due to the increase in hassles and challenges in life, counseling psychologists’ role has also increased to a massive scale.

They help in identifying an issue, sort the solution for your suffering. They sort problem-related to behavioral problems, psychological disturbances, depression, stress, and others. Their role lies in providing effective support and solution to various issues that trouble you.


Educational Psychology


Educational psychology deals with researches and studies that impact the pattern of learning in schools or educational institutions. It also helps recognize learning disabilities and come up with the best ways to teach children.

Educational psychology has a direct influence on emotional, cognitive, and behavioral works. Practitioners in this principle help deal with problems that limit a child’s ability to learn and develop. Their role lies with individual clients or groups within an educational or advisory setting.

They sometimes work with educators and teachers to recognize the patterns and implement the best ways to study and develop.


Industrial/Organizational Psychology


Industrial/organizational psychology deals with an entirely different setting and rules. Practitioners of this type apply human resources, sales, and marketing principles to handle management or administrative issues.

Their roles lie in coping with various workplace problems to include training and policy planning. Their organizational analysis focuses on enhancing industrial or organizational behavior involving selection or recruitment criteria.




Neuropsychology is all about understanding the working and operation of the human brain. Practitioners of neuropsychology are individuals with a fascination with brain operations and their relation to human behavior. Neuropsychologists have the opportunity to conduct researches and work with patients suffering from traumas or mental illness.

The resulting diagnosis helps in providing treatments that help to achieve possible improvements in occurring cognitive damage.


Social Psychology


Social psychology is the study of how people behave in social settings and groups’ influences on an individual. Social psychologists investigate different areas, including attitudes, communication, aggression, persuasion or interpersonal relationships, etc. Practitioners conduct researches on understanding social behaviors.

Social psychologists use their skills and knowledge to foster healthier relationships and make productive groups in other settings. Social interaction and perceptions are the key elements of social psychology and understanding of social behavior.


Military Psychology


Military psychology works to support patients that relate to military and defence forces. Practitioners of this type can perform as separate counsellors or as military personnel. Similar to clinical psychology, military psychologists need a doctorate and supervised experience to practice. They require additional training to work with military personnel and practice in similar settings.


Evolutionary Psychology


Evolutionary psychology work on the principles of human evolution. They identify the thoughts and perspectives that give a person the best chance to survive.

The behaviors that offer the best survival pass down to other generations. Evolutionary psychologists explain how a behavioral trait gives an evolutionary advantage. If someone has social skills, they could make friends and increase their chances of survival.

Final Word

As evident from the various descriptions of psychology types, each matte’s roles accordingly, all these types focus on different aspects of human behavior and its effects on mental health and lifestyle. If you seek a psychology career, it is best to understand the perspectives and pursue them accordingly.


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